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Change the Color of an Eye - viewed 310,652 times

Introduction

In this tutorial we're going to change the color of the iris that's part of the human eye. I'll show you a technique that is flexible and easy to adjust using a Mask and a Hue & Saturation adjustment layer.

Eye

 

1. Preparations

Start by making a copy of the background layer, by left clicking on it with the mouse button and dragging it to the New Layer icon New Layer; Photoshop creates a copy of the background layer and makes this new layer active.

Copy of eye

2. Select the iris

First we have to create a selection. Select the Elliptical Marquee tool Lasso tooland then move your cross hair cursor to the exact middle of the iris.
Now hold down the Shift + Alt key (Alt is Option key on the Mac) and hold the left mouse button. Now draw the circle around the iris. Leave some extra space as shown in the example. (The Shift key ensures that we have a perfect circular selection. The Alt key defines the initial location of the cursor as the center of your selection).

Select Iris

3. Add a mask

With the layer still active, add a mask.
Click on the Add Layer Mask icon Add mask(1); a new mask appears.

Also notice that a new icon appears in front of the layer (2) that reminds us that we have a layer mask and that the layer mask is active. A layer mask also has a double border if it's active and single one if it's not active.

Adding a Mask

 

With the mask selected press the \ key on your keyboard.
This will show the mask in a transparent red color. This will make it easier for us to make the necessary adjustments.You can always turn this transparent mask off by pressing the \ key again.

Transparent Mask

4. Adjust the mask

Go in the menu to Filter/Blur/Gaussian Blur... and slightly blur our mask. Use a radius of about 4 pixels.
Normally this should be enough, but we want to include the upper eye lid in our mask, since we don't want to change its color.

To do that we have to select black as our foreground color and extend the mask by painting on the upper eye lid with a small soft brush Brush tool. You might also consider to extend the mask around the iris. Paint with white to remove parts of the mask.

Modify Mask

5. Add a Hue & Saturation adjustment layer

Now hold down the Alt (option key on the Mac) key and click on the New Adjustment Layer icon Adjustment Layer(3). Don't release the Alt key yet! Select Hue/Saturation... in the little window that pops up.

The New Layer window pops up. Release the Alt key.

Select the option 'Use previous layer to create clipping mask' and click Ok. The Hue/Saturation window pops up.

Hue & Saturation Adj. Layer

6. Change the color of the iris

We're now going to change the hue of the blue colors only, since the iris is blue. Do do that we first have to select Blues in the Edit box (4). We now have to select the blue in the iris. Select the eye dropper tool Eyedropper Tool(7) and sample the blue color of the iris. Use the eye dropper + tool Eyerdropper+ Tool(8) to add all the other blue variations of the iris.
Now we slide the hue slider (5) until we have the color that we prefer. You also might consider to adjust the saturation slider (6).

Click Ok and we're done.

Hue & Saturation Correction

Update January 2008

The original tutorial was written several years ago. Today I would advice you to use a different approach.

Instead of copying the background layer, simply add a Hue & Saturation layer on top of the background layer and you don't even need to clip like I show in step 5. You continue by using the mask of this adjustment layer to select the iris. I would advice you to invert this mask first by clicking on it and pressing Ctrl + i or Command + i on the Mac. Continue to paint with white and use the original tutorial as a guideline for other things you have to take care of:

Layers Palette     Update on Eye Color tutorial      

Note: this is the easiest and most flexible way to change the color of the iris while keeping the original intact.
Instead of using a Hue & Saturation adjustment layer you might also consider to use a different kind of adjustment layer and to experiment with its layer blending mode.

Final words

This technique has several advantages, since the adjustments (masks, hue & saturation layer) are non-destructive, the original stays intact. It's easy to fine tune the mask or hue & saturation, making it a perfect technique for several other corrections.

For more help with Photoshop check out ourPhotoshop Trainingsection.

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